The eyes of a Woodcock are set high and far back on their head. This has a couple of advantages for them. It protects the eyes from vegetation and spattering mud when the bird is feeding. It also allows them to see predators approaching from above. In fact, Woodcock have better binocular sight to the rear than they do to the front.
Woodcock are found in moist areas: woodlands, mixed forest, thickets along streams, wet meadows, and abandoned fields. We found them in a clearing near a large brush pile. I was impressed by the tidiness of the range map for the Woodcock. It looks like someone drew a vertical line through the exact center of the United States and the Woodcock occurs everywhere east of that line and no where else, although it does occur along the eastern U.S./Canadian border.